|Queen Victoria ( 1837 - 1901 ) |
1837 - Victoria succeeds her uncle, William IV
1838 - Publication of People’s Charter. Start of Chartism.
1839 - First Afghan War. British Forces capture the fortress of Ghazi in Afghanistan.
1839 - - 42 First Opium War. Britain gains Hong Kong.
1840 - Victoria marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
1840 - The Penny Post is introduced. First postage stamp is the Penny Black.
1840 - First colonist settlement in New Zealand
1841 - Sir Robert Peel becomes Prime Minister
1842 - End of First Opium War. Britain gains Hong Kong
1843 - Launch of SS Great Britain the worlds first all metal ship.
1844 - Railway building mania starts. 5,000 miles of track are built in Britain by 1846
1845 - - 1849 Irish Potato Famine kills more than a million people. Many emigrate to America.
1846 - Repeal of the Corn Laws
1848 - Major Chartist demonstration in London.
1848 - Pre-Raphaelite movement begins
1849 - Harrods store in London is opened
1851 - Great Exhibition takes place in Hyde Park. Its success is largely due to Prince Albert.
1852 - Death of the Duke of Wellington
1853 - Vaccination against smallpox made compulsory.
1853 - Victoria uses chloroform during the birth of Prince Leopold.
1854 - -1856 Crimean War fought by Britain and France against Russia.
1854 - Charge of the Light Brigade
1854 - 10,000 die of cholera from contaminated water in London.
1856 - The Victoria Cross is instituted for military bravery.
1856 - David Livingstone discovers the Victoria Falls
1857 - -1858 Indian Mutiny against British rule.
1858 - Isambard Kingdom Brunel launches The Great Eastern, the largest ship in the world and the first with a double iron hull.
1858 - First trans-Atlantic telegraph service
1859 - Publication of Charles Darwin’s The Origin of the Species.
1861 - Prince Albert dies of typhoid
1861 - - 65 Civil War in America. Southern states unsuccessfully seek to involve Britain which has sufficient cotton from Egypt and India, but needs the Union North's grain.
1863 - The world's first underground railway is opened in London
1863 - Edward, Prince of Wales, marries Alexandra of Denmark
1863 - The Salvation Army is founded.
1863 - The Football Association is founded.
1865 - Slavery is ended in America with Northern Union victory in the American Civil War
1867 - The Second Reform Bill doubles the franchise vote to two million.
1867 - Canada becomes the first independent dominion in the Empire.
1867 - Karl Marx publishes the first volume of Das Kapital
1868 - Gladstone becomes Prime Minister for the first time.
1869 - The Irish Church is disestablished.
1870 - First Education Act. Primary education becomes compulsory.
1870 - Death of Charles Dickens
1871 - Trade Unions are legalized
1872 - Secret voting is introduced for elections.
1872 - Henry Stanley finds David Livingstone who had been missing in Africa.
1874 - Disraeli becomes Prime Minister for the second time.
1875 - Suez Canal shares purchased for Britain.
1875 - Thomas Moy demonstrates his Aerial Steamer the worlds first flying machine at Crystal Palace, London
1876 - Victoria becomes Empress of India.
1876 - Scots Alexander Graham Bell demonstrates the telephone
1878 - Second Afghan War. British defend the Kyber Pass.
1878 - William Booths Christian movement adopts the name The Salvation Army
1879 - Tay Bridge disaster
1879 - Zulu war, British troops massacred at Isandlwana and Rorkes Drft
1880 - Gladstone succeeds Disraeli as Prime Minister
1880 - - 1881 First conflict with Boers in South Africa
1883 - British occupy Egypt
1884 - Third Reform Act all adult males given the vote.
1884 - Greenwich Meridian and Mean Time adopted
1886 - First Irish Home Rule Bill fails to pass House of of Commons. Gladstone resigns as Prime Minister.
1887 - Victoria celebrates her Golden Jubilee. She has ruled for 50 years.
1887 - Independent Labour Party is founded.
1891 - Free schooling is introduced. 11 years later school attendance becomes compulsory for all children.
1893 - Second Irish Home Rule Bill fails to pass the House of Lords.
1897 - Victoria celebrates her Diamond Jubilee.
1897 - Marconi demonstrates wireless transmission across the Bristol Channel
1899 - -1902 Boer War in South Africa. Siege of Mafeking
1900 - Labour party founded
1901 - Queen Victoria dies, aged 81.
|King Edward VII ( 1901 - 1910 ) |
1901 - Edward VII becomes King on the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
1901 - Australia is granted dominion status.
1902 - Arthur Balfour becomes Prime Minister.
1902 - First trans-Atlantic radio transmission
1902 - Edward VII institutes the Order of Merit.
1902 - Empire Day is celebrated for the first time.
1902 - Rudyard Kipling’s Just So Stories published.
1903 - Wilbur and Orville Wright of the US make the first manned and controlled aircraft flight.
1903 - The Women’s Social and Political Union, demanding votes for women, is founded by Emmeline Pankhurst.
1904 - Britain and France sign the Entente Cordiale, settling outstanding territorial disputes.
1904 - Sigmund Freud publishes Psychopathology of Everyday Life.
1904 - Peter Pan by J. M. Barrie is published.
1905 - Motor buses are first used in London.
1906 - Construction of HMS Dreadnought
1907 - Edward VII visits his cousin Tzar Nicholas II of Russia
1907 - Taxi-cabs are legally recognized in Britain for the first time.
1907 - Baden-Powell takes the first ever group of boy scouts on holiday to Brownsea island, Dorset.
1907 - Parliament rejects Channel Tunnel scheme.
1907 - New Zealand is granted dominion status.
1908 - Production of Ford motor cars begins.
1908 - Publication of The Wind in the WilIows by Kenneth Grahame
1908 - The fourth Olympic Games are held in London.
1908 - Herbert Henry Asquith becomes Prime Minister.
1908 - The Triple Entente is signed between Russia, France, and Britain.
1908 - The Children’s Act establishes separate juvenile courts to try children.
1908 - Old Age Pensions established in Britain for all over 70 years old with an income of less than ten shillings per week.
1909 - The People’s Budget is introduced by Lloyd George
1909 - The Women’s Suffrage movement becomes more militant in their fight for votes for women.
1909 - Introduction of Labour Exchanges
1909 - French airman, Louis Blériot, makes the first cross-Channel flight from Calais to Dover.
1909 - First rugby match to be played Twickenham takes place.
1909 - First Boy Scout Rally is held at Crystal Palace, London.
1910 - Constitutional Crisis is caused by the House of Commons’ attempt to curb the power of the House of Lords.
1910 - Edward dies of pneumonia at Buckingham Palace.
|King George V ( 1910 - 1936 ) |
1910 - George V becomes King and Emperor of India on the death of his father, Edward VII.
1911 - Parliament Act ensures the sovereignty of the House of Commons.
1911 - National Insurance Act provides sickness and unemployment benefits.
1912 - The luxury passenger ship S.S. Titanic sinks on her maiden voyage, drowning more than 1,500 people.
1913 - Suffragette Emily Wilding Davison throws herself under the Kings horse at the Epsom Derby
1914 - Anglican Church in Wales is disestablished.
1914 - The heir to the Austro-Hungarian empire is assassinated. Outbreak of World War I.
1914 - Battles of Mons, the Marne, and Ypres.
1915 - Second Battle of Ypres. Allied Gallipoli expedition fails to remove Turkey from the war.
1916 - Battle of the Somme. Naval Battle of Jutland between British and German fleets.
1916 - Easter Rising in Dublin in support of Irish independence.
1916 - David Lloyd George replaces Asquith as Prime Minister.
1917 - Battle of Passchendale.
1917 - Russian Revolution. Czar Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra (cousin of George V) and their royal family are shot in Ekaterinburg.
1918 - Kaiser Wilhelm II (cousin of George V) abdicates as Germany faces defeat in World War I.
1918 - The end of World War I. Armistice signed on 11 November.
1918 - Reform Act gives votes to women over 30.
1918 - General Election produces landslide victory for Sinn Fein MPs in Ireland, who refuse to take their seats in Westminster and form their own DalI parliament in Dublin.
1919 - Lady Astor becomes the first woman MP to take her seat in the House of Commons
1919 - Third Afghan War. Afghanistan gains independence from Britain
1919 - A flu-pandemic (known as Spanish Flu) rages around the world killing over 50 million people.
1919 - -1921 Ireland partitioned into the Free State and the province of Northern Ireland.
1920 - Marconi opens first radio broadcasting station in Britain
1920 - A flu epidemic rages around the world killing more than 20 million people.
1920 - First Labour government formed by Ramsay MacDonald.
1922 - The British Broadcasting Company starts radio transmissions
1923 - Prince Albert (later George VI) marries Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
1924 - Ramsay MacDonald becomes Prime Minister
1926 - General Strike fails to reverse wage cuts and imposition of longer hours.
1926 - John Logie Baird demonstrates world's first television in London
1927 - British Broadcasting Corporation founded by Royal Charter
1928 - All women over the age of 21 get the vote.
1928 - George V falls seriously ill with blood poisoning of the lung.
1928 - Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin
1929 - Beginning of the Great Depression which lasted almost 10 years
1931 - The Statute of Westminster recognizes independence of. the dominions.
1931 - Great Depression leads to the formation of a national government of all three political parties under the leadership of Ramsay MacDonald.
1932 - George V makes the first annual Christmas broadcast on radio.
1935 - George V celebrates his Silver Jubilee.
1935 - Robert Watson-Watt demonstrates Radar
1935 - Stanley Baldwin replaces Ramsay MacDonald asprime minister
1936 - George V dies at Sandringham.
|King Edward VIII ( 1936 ) |
1936 - Edward VIII succeeds his father, George V, as King on 20 January.
1936 - Outbreak of the Spanish Civil War.
1936 - Germany, under Adolf Hitler, reoccupies the demilitarized left bank of the Rhine.
1936 - Britain begins to rearm as political tension increases in Europe and the prospect of military conflict in the region becomes more evident.
1936 - Fire destroys Crystal Palace, once the home of the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park but now located in Sydenham, south London.
1936 - J.M. Keynes publishes his book General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money an internationally influential study of modern economics.
1936 - Maiden voyage of luxury ocean liner the Queen Mary takes place.
1936 - Jarrow crusade of unemployed marches to London
1936 - The BBC inaugurates the world’s first television service at Alexandra Palace in London.
1936 - On 10 December Edward signs the Instrument of Abdication over his wish to marry Mrs Wallace Simpson. Witnessed by all his brothers, it is a simple declaration of his intent to renounce the throne for himself and all his descendants. He is subsequently created Duke of Windsor.
|King George VI ( 1936 - 1952 ) |
1936 - George VI accedes to the throne upon the abdication of his brother, Edward VIII
1936 - Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain signs agreement with Adolf Hitler at Munich in an attempt to stop outbreak of war in Europe
1938 - Nazi Germany annexes Austria
1937 - Frank Whittle invents the jet engine
1939 - Germany invades Poland. Outbreak of World War II.
1940 - Retreating British troops evacuated from beaches of Dunkirk as Germans advance.
1940 - Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister.
1940 - Battle of Britain fought in the skies over England between the RAF and German Luftwaffe.
1940 - German bombers blitz London, Coventry and other major cities
1941 - Hitler invades the Soviet Union
1941 - America enters the War after Japanese air raid on US fleet at Pearl Harbour.
1942 - Fall of Singapore to the Japanese
1942 - British victory at El Alamein.
1944 - D-Day landings in Normandy as the Allies begin to push the German forces back across Europe.
1944 - Battle of Arnhem airborne landings
1945 - The defeat of Germany marks the end of World War II in Europe.
1945 - Japan surrenders, after US drops atomic bombs on two cities.
1946 - Start of the 'Cold War'. Churchill speaks of the 'Iron Curtain' separating Western Europe from the Communist Eastern block
1947 - India granted independence. Pakistan declared a separate nation.
1947 - Princess Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth II) marries Philip Mountbatten
1948 - National Health Service establishes free medical treatment.
1948 - Mahatma Ghandi is assassinated
1949 - Berlin Airlift relieves the Soviet blockade of Berlin
1950 - -1953 Korean War
1951 - Winston Churchill becomes British Prime Minister again.
1952 - George VI dies.
|Queen Elizabeth II ( 1952 - ) |
1952 - Elizabeth accedes to the throne on the death of her father, George VI.
1952 - World's first jet airliner passenger service inaugurated by BOAC in Comet I aircraft
1953 - Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay climb Mount Everest just before Coronation Day
1953 - Francis Crick and James Watson unravel the mystery of DNA
1953 - - 1954 Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip embark on a 6 month world tour including Australia and New Zealand
1955 - Winston Churchill resigns as Prime Minister and is succeeded by Anthony Eden.
1955 - Laws restricting the burning of coal and establishing smokeless zones bring an end to London's notorious fogs
1956 - Anglo-French forces invade Egypt after the nationalization of the Suez Canal.
1957 - Harold Macmillan becomes Prime Minister
1957 - The Gold Coast becomes independent as Ghana, the first British colony in Africa to receive its independence.
1957 - Queen Elizabeth addresses the United Nations and opens the 23rd Canadian Parliament
1959 - Oil is discovered in the North Sea.
1959 - Queen Elizabeth tours Canada and the United States
1960 - Harold Macmillan becomes Prime Minister makes 'winds of change' speech in South Africa.
1960 - Union of South Africa withdraws from the Commonwealth.
1963 - Alec Douglas-Hume replaces Harold Macmillan as the Prime Minister.
1963 - The Beatles release their first LP.
1964 - Labour government of Harold Wilson takes office
1966 - Aberfan disaster leaves 116 children dead
1969 - Prince Charles is invested as Prince of Wales.
1969 - Troubles break out in the North of Ireland
1970 - Edward Heath becomes Prime Minister.
1971 - Decimal currency is introduced.
1973 - Britain joins the European Community.
1974 - Miners strike brings down Heath Government. Harold Wilson returns as Prime Minister.
1976 - Concorde begins first supersonic trans-Atlantic flights
1977 - Celebration of the Silver Jubilee of the Queens accession
1978 - The world's first test-tube baby is delivered in Oldham, Greater Manchester
1979 - Margaret Thatcher succeeds James Callaghan, becoming Britain’s first woman Prime Minister.
1981 - Prince Charles marries Lady Diana Spencer in St. Paul’s Cathedral.
1982 - Unemployment in Britain tops three million.
1982 - Britain goes to war with Argentina over control of the Falkland Islands
1984 - Miners strike again but is defeated by Thatcher.
1986 - Queen Elizabeth II celebrates 60th birthday.
1988 - PanAm flight 103 bombed and crashes on Lockerbie killing 270
1989 - Poll tax is introduced amid widespread protest.
1989 - Fall of the Berlin Wall. End of the 'Cold War'.
1990 - Margaret Thatcher resigns as Prime Minister after 11 years and is succeeded by John Major.
1991 - The Allied forces liberate Kuwait during the Gulf War.
1992 - Princess Anne and Mark Phillips divorce. Windsor castle suffers severe fire damage.
1993 - European Parliament comes into force
1994 - Opening of the Channel Tunnel between England and France
1996 - Both the Prince and Princess of Wales, and the Duke and Duchess of York divorce.
1997 - Tony Blair becomes Prime Minister and ends 18 years of Conservative government.
1997 - Hong Kong reverts to China after 155 years of British rule.
1997 - Diana Princess of Wales dies in Paris car crash
1998 - Good Friday agreement in Northern Ireland
1998 - Scotland and Wales vote for their own Assemblies
1999 - Edward, Earl of Wessex, marries Sophie Rhys-Jones.
2000 - Queen Mother celebrates her 100th birthday.
2001 - Twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York destroyed by Islamic terrorists.
2001 - - present. Fourth Afghan War. British and Allied troops in Afghanistan.
2002 - Queen Elizabeth II marks Golden Jubilee of 50 years of rule. Deaths of Queen Mother and Princess Margaret.
2003 - British and US forces invade Iraq and topple Saddam Hussein
2005 - Prince Charles marries his second wife Camilla Parker-Bowles and she is given the title Duchess of Cornwall
2006 - Queen Elizabeth II celebrates her 80th birthday.
2007 - Tony Blair resigns as Prime Minister
2007 - Queen Elizabeth II and her husband Prince Philip celebrate 60 years of marriage
2007 - Queen Elizabeth II becomes the oldest ever reigning British monarch
2008 - World wide banking crisis. Government has to bail out two major British banks
2009 - Parliamentary integrity damaged by expenses scandal
2010 - David Cameron becomes Prime Minister